Bed Bugs


About Bed Bugs: This bug probably received its common name of bed bug from its close association with human sleeping beds, where it often seeks refuge during daylight, only to come out to feed on the bed’s occupant(s) at night. Bed bugs feed only on the blood of humans and other warm-blooded hosts. Although they have a cryptic behavior and can conceal themselves in tight cracks and crevices, bed bugs are often found in bed parts, such as mattresses and box springs. A bed bug’s bite is not usually painful and is not known to transmit any diseases, but you may get an infection from scratching the bite. If you are allergic to the bed bugs saliva, this may be a bigger problem. A bed bug infestation can be extremely messy with dark red blood stains and brown fecal stains on mattresses, bed linens and even on walls. Smell is another unpleasant side effect of the infestation, the odor emitted from the insects scent gland gives off sweet and musty smell.

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Bed Bugs Picture

What Do Bed Bugs Look Like? Adults about 3/16”long, broadly oval and flat. Color brown to reddish brown (after feeding). Nymphs (baby bed bugs) are nearly colorless when they first hatch and become brownish as they mature. After the bed bug feeds, they become engorged and turn reddish brown to dark red and grow from the size of a poppy seed to a droplet of blood.

HABITS: Bed bugs like to travel and are good hitchhikers. They will hide in suitcases, boxes and shoes to be near a food supply (you). They are elusive, nocturnal creatures. They can hide behind baseboards and in cracks, crevices, and folded areas of beds, bedding and adjacent furniture, especially mattresses and box springs. Bed bug can also hide in electrical switchplates, picture frames, wallpaper, and nearly anywhere inside the home, car, bus, or other shelter. Bed bugs usually come out at night for a blood meal. However, they are opportunistic insects and can take a blood meal during the day, especially in heavily-infested areas. Bed bugs usually require 5-10 minutes to engorge with blood. After feeding, they move to secluded places and hide for 5-10 days. During this time, they do not feed but instead digest their meal, mate, and lay eggs.

Bed bugs Infestation

BIOLOGY: Female bed bugs lay 1-5 eggs per day with a maximum of 12 eggs. She lays on average of 200 eggs in her lifetime, with the potential of up to 500 eggs. The female will deposit white eggs individually in cracks or on rough surfaces and secured with transparent cement. Eggs hatch in about ten days on average and nymphs can immediately begin to feed. They require a blood meal to molt and bed bugs reach maturity after five molts. Development time (egg to adult) takes 21 days at 86F to 120 days at 65F.


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